A Bahá'í Glossary
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Bahá'í Chronology - The Ministry of Báb - 1 B.E. (A.D. 1844-1845)
< Islamic Era events concerning the Bahá'í Faith A.H. 1260 | 2 B.E. >
• Istijlál 1 Bahá 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Khamīs 1 Rabī' al-awwal
   A.H. 1260
• Thursday 21 March A.D. 1844
• Yom Chamishi 1 Nissan  A.M. 5604
Beginning of the Badí / Bahá'í Calendar as established by the Báb in the Kitáb-i-Asmá and approved by Bahá'u'lláh, who stated that it should begin in A.D. 1844 (A.H. 1260). It is annotated as B.E. for Bahá'í Era.
  See also:
__________ __________
• Istijlál 1 Bahá 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Khamīs 1 Rabī' al-awwal
   A.H. 1260
• Thursday 21 March A.D. 1844
• Yom Chamishi 1 Nisan A.M. 5604
Edict of Toleration The relaxation of the order for the exclusion of the Jews from the Holy Land. GPB iv Luke 21:24
  Edict of Toleration, seen as beginning the process of allowing Jews to settle in the Holy Land. It reduces punishments for apostasy from death.
  Wikipedia - Edict of Toleration ]
__________ __________
• c. Bahá / Jamál 1 B.E.
• c. Rabī' al-awwal / Rabī' ath-thānī
• c. April A.D. 1844
• c. Nisan / Iyyar A.M. 5604
K̲h̲adíjih Bagum apparently recognizes her husband as the promised Qá'im 'sometime before the Báb declared His mission'. He bids her to keep this knowledge concealed. [DB191-2; KB10-14]
__________ __________
• Istijlál 7 'Aẓamat 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Khamīs 5 Jumādá al-ūlá
   A.H. 1260
• Wednesday* 22 May A.D. 1844
• Yom Chamishi 5 Sivan A.M. 5604

* After sunset = Thursday 23rd in the other three calendars. See next entry.
Declaration of the Báb's Mission

Two hours and eleven minutes after sunset Siyyid 'Alí-Muḥammad makes His declaration to Mullá Ḥusayn-i-Bushrú'í.

__________ __________
• Istijlál 7 'Aẓamat 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Khamīs 5 Jumādá al-ūlá
   A.H. 1260
• Thursday 23 May A.D.1844
• Yom Chamishi 5 Sivan A.M. 5604
The birth of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in a rented house near the S̲h̲imrán Gate in Ṭihrán. He was born at midnight. [AB9, SoG3-4]
__________ __________
• Kamál 8 Ráḥmat 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Ithnayn 14 Jumādá al-ākhirah
   A.H. 1260
• Monday 1 July A.D. 1844
• Yom Sheni 14 Tammuz  A.M. 5604
Forty days after the Declaration of the Báb, the second Letter of the Living, Mullá 'Alíy-i-Basṭámí, has a vision that leads him to Mullá Ḥusayn and he accepts the Báb. During this period of waiting for the second person to recognize the Báb, He called Mullá Ḥusayn to His house several times. He always comes at night and stays until dawn. [HotD41]. Sixteen others recognize Siyyid 'Alí-Muḥammad as the Promised One. The 18 are later designated 'Letters of the Living'. [BBD138, B21-7; DB63-71, 80-2; MH73-81, MH121, SBBH1:16-17, GPB7-8]
__________ __________
• Ráḥmat / Asmá' 1 B.E.
• Jumādá al-ākhirah / Sha'bān A.H. 1260
• Jul / Aug A.D.1844
• Tammuz / Elul A.M. 5604
The intention of the Báb is to introduce the new Revelation slowly so as not to cause estrangement. He instructed them to spread out and teach His Faith and to this end He assigned each one a special task, most often to their own native provinces. [BBRSM14-16, 36; SWB119, BBR2p36, DB92-4; MH82-6; SBBH1:19]
  • To Mullá Ḥusayn He had given the task of delivering a Tablet to Bahá'u'lláh in Ṭihrán and going to the court of the S̲h̲áh to apprise him of the Báb's cause. Mullá Ḥusayn is not able to gain access to the S̲h̲áh. [B48-57; BBRSM15; BKG32-3; CH22-3; DB85-87, 97; MH90-2, 102]
  • Mullá Ḥusayn carries to Ṭihrán a Tablet revealed by the Báb for Muḥammad S̲h̲áh. This is the first of a number of unsuccessful attempts to enlist his aid. [BBRSM20-1; MH102; SWB13]
  • Note: MH118-119 and DB127-128 indicate that Mullá Ḥusayn had been in Tehran "between the months of Jámádí and Rajab". The first day of Jámádí, 1260 corresponds to 18 June, and the last day of Rajab to 15 August, 1844.
  • See RB2:303, 'The Báb … sent Tablets to only two monarchs of His day — Muḥammad S̲h̲áh of Persia and Sultán 'Abdu'l-Majíd of Turkey.'
  • From S̲h̲íráz he journeys north to Iṣfahán where Mullá Ja'far, the sifter of wheat, is the first to embrace the Cause of the Báb in that city. Mullá Ḥusayn then travels to Kás̲h̲án, about 130 miles from Iṣfahán. He then goes to Qum, another 100 miles from Kás̲h̲án. After Qum he goes to Ṭihrán. [MH98-101, DB99]
  • See B53-6; DB104-7, MH104-110 for the delivery of the Báb's Tablet to Bahá'u'lláh. Mullá Ḥusayn does not meet Bahá'u'lláh on this occasion.
  • On receiving the Tablet of the Báb, Bahá'u'lláh accepts His Cause. He immediately journeys to Mázindarán, His native province, to promote the Cause of the Báb. He returns after the death of the S̲h̲ah in 1848 [BKG39-40; BW8:782; DB109; TN35, SoB6, BPP45, 48, SoG4]
  • Mullá Ḥusayn leaves for K̲h̲urásán, as he had been instructed, winning supporters for the Báb's Cause while there he writes to the Báb regarding these new believers and Bahá'u'lláh's immediate response to the Báb's Revelation. [B56, DB128-9, MH118]
  • See MH121-2 for a discussion of the speed of Mullá Ḥusayn's journey before the letter was dispatched to the Báb. It assumes that Mullá Ḥusayn departed after The Báb met with all the Letters of the Living (date not before 2 July, 1844.) In fact both Mullá Ḥusayn and Mullá 'Alíy-Basṭámí had been dispatched before this meeting. [DB85-86, 92, HotD46] .
__________ __________
• Jamál 11 Kamál 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Aḥad 26 Rajab A.H. 1260
• Sunday 11 August A.D. 1844
• Yom Rishon 26 Av A.M.5604
The Báb sends Mullá 'Alíy-i-Basṭámí to Najaf and Karbalá to proclaim His Cause among the S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ís. In Najaf Mullá 'Alí delivers a letter from the Báb to S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ Muḥammad-Ḥasan Najafí, the leading S̲h̲í'í divine and the keeper of the shrines in Iraq. [BBRSM15; DB87-91; SBBH20-1, HotD46]
__________ __________
• Kamál 2 'Izzat 1B.E.
• Yawm al-Ithnayn 25 Sha'bān A.H. 1260
• Monday 9 September A.D. 1844
• Yom Sheni 25 Elul A.M. 5605
The Báb, Quddús (Ḥájí Mullá Muḥammad-'Alíy-i-Barfurús̲h̲í) and the Báb's Ethiopian servant, Mubarak, leave S̲h̲íráz for Bús̲h̲ihr en route to Mecca. The journey takes ten days. [B57; DB129; MH119]
  • DB129 says He left S̲h̲íráz during the month of S̲h̲avvál, 1260 (14October to 11 November, 1844).
  • SBBH1 xxviii shows the departure date as 12 November, 1844.
  • Balyuzi, B57 says "in the month of September".
__________ __________
• Kamál 4 Mashíyyat 1B.E.
• Yawm al-Ithnayn 17 Ramaḍān A.H. 1260
• Monday 30 September A.D. 1844
• Yom Sheni 17 Tishri A.M. 5605
The Báb receives the letter from Mullá Ḥusayn giving Him details of his journey and meeting with Bahá'u'lláh and others he had contacted.
  • Nabíl indicates that the Báb received the letter on 9 October (26 Ramadan) and that it was a deciding factor in His decision to undertake the pilgrimage. [DB126-7, 129]
  • Balyuzi says soon after the Báb received the letter, 'in the month of September' He left S̲h̲íráz'. [B57]
  • GPB8-9 says He received the letter in the month of S̲h̲a'bán, 1260 (16 August to 13 September, 1844).
  • See MH119 where the author speculates that if the letter arrived on 16 Ramadan (29 September) and the Báb departed from the port of Bús̲h̲ihr on the 19th of Ramadan (2 October, 1844), He had to have been in Bús̲h̲ihr when He received the letter.
__________ __________
• 'Idál 6 or Istijlál 7 Mashíyyat 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Arba'ā' 19 or
  Yawm al-Khamīs 20 Ramaḍān
    A.H. 1260
• Wednesday 2 or
  Thursday 3 October A.D. 1844
• Yom Reviʻi 19 or
  Yom Chamishi 20 Tishri A.M. 5605
The Báb departs from Bús̲h̲ihr on His pilgrimage. [B57; MH119, 121, GPB9]
  • He instructs His followers to await His arrival in Karbalá. [DB86, 87; MH122; SBBH1:23]
  • He has been awaiting the letter from Mullá Ḥusayn before starting on His pilgrimage. [DB123; MH117]
  • The vessel taking the Báb to Jiddah is probably the Arab sailing-boat named Futúh-ar-Ras'ul. [B69]
  • He joined the company of a group of pilgrims from Fárs. [DB76-77]
__________ __________
• c. Qawl / Masá'il 1 B.E.
• c. Dhū al-Qa'dah / Dhū al-Ḥijjah
• c. December A.D. 1844
• c. Kislev / Teveth A.M. 5605
The Báb and His companions arrive in Jiddah after a rough sea voyage of two months. There they put on the garb of the pilgrim and proceed to Mecca by camel. [B71; DB129, 132]
__________ __________
• Istijlál 1 Masá'il 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Khamīs 1 Dhū al-Ḥijjah
   A.H. 1260
• Thursday 12 December A.D. 1844
• Yom Chamishi 2 Teveth A.M. 5605
The Báb arrives in Mecca and performs the rites of pilgrimage in company with 100,000 other pilgrims. [GPB9]
  • See B70 and SA107-8 for the timing, rites and significance of the pilgrimage.
__________ __________
• Istiqlál 9 / Jalál 10 Masá'il 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Jum'ah 9 /
   Yawm as-Sabt 10 Dhū al-Ḥijjah
    A.H. 1260
• Friday 20 / Saturday 21 December
    A.D. 1844
• Yom Shishi 10 /
   Yom Shabbat 11 Teveth A.M.5605
The Báb offers 19 lambs as a sacrifice in the prescribed manner, distributing the meat to the poor and needy. [B71; DB133]
__________ __________
• c. Istiqlál 9 Masá'il 1 B.E.
• c. Yawm al-Jum'ah 9 Dhū al-Ḥijjah
• c. Friday 20 December A.D. 1844
• c. Yom Shishi 10 Teveth A.M. 5605
The Báb makes a declaration of His mission by standing at the Ka'bih, holding the ring of the door and repeating three times that He is the Qá'im.
  • He makes an open challenge to Mírzá Muḥammad-Ḥusayn-i-Kirmání, known as Muḥít, of the S̲h̲ayk̲h̲í school and sends an invitation to the S̲h̲aríf of Mecca to embrace the new Revelation. The S̲h̲aríf is too busy to respond. [B71-74; BW12:89; DB134-8; GPB9, 89]
__________ __________
• c. 1 / 2 B.E.
• c. A.H. 1260 / 1262
• c. A.D. 1845
• c. A.M. 5605 / 5606
Birth of Mírzá 'Alí-Muḥammad-i-K̲h̲urásání, later known as Ibn-i-Aṣdaq, Hand of the Cause.
__________ __________
• c. Sharaf / Sulṭán 1 B.E.
• c. Dhū al-Ḥijjah 1260 /
         Muḥarram A.H. 1261
• c. January A.D. 1845
• c. Teveth / Shevat A.M. 5605
Crowds gather in Karbalá in response to the Báb's summons, among them Ṭáhirih. [BI62; BBRSM15, 215; SBBH1:22]
__________ __________
• Istiqlál 11 Sharaf 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Jum'ah 1 Muḥarram A.H. 1261
• Friday 10 January  A.D. 1845
• Yom Shishi 2 Shevat A.M.5605
The beginning of the Islamic new year. Messianic fervour grows, particularly among S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ís. [BBRSM15]
__________ __________
• Istiqlál 11 Sharaf 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Jum'ah 1 Muḥarram A.H. 1261
• Friday 10 January  A.D. 1845
• Yom Shishi 2 Shevat A.M.5605
The Báb reached Medina. From there He proceeded to Jiddah where He look a boat bound for Bús̲h̲ihr. [B75] (See 16 January {Istijlál 17 Sharaf 1 B.E.} below.)
__________ __________
• Kamál 14 Sharaf 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Ithnayn 4 Muḥarram A.H. 1261
• Monday 13 January A.D. 1845
• Yom Sheni 5 Shevat A.M. 5605
The trial of Mullá 'Alíy-i-Basṭámí in Bag̲h̲dád.A fatwá is issued in Bag̲h̲dád against both Mullá 'Alíy-i-Basṭámí and the Báb, condemning the Báb, who is unnamed in the fatwá, to death as an unbeliever. [B64; BBRSM15, 215; SBBH21, 22]
__________ __________
• Istijlál 17 Sharaf 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Khamīs 7 Muḥarram A.H.1261
• Thursday 16 January A.D. 1845
• Yom Chamishi 8 Shevat A.M. 5605
The Báb arrives in Medina from Mecca. [d̲h̲ut bíy-i-jiddih]
  • He reveals 'The Epistle between Two Shrines' en route. [B73-4]
  • He stays 27 days. [MS2]
  • B75 and DB140 indicate that the Báb arrived 10 January. The Research Department at the Bahá'í World Centre states that the date 16 January accords with the Báb's own writings. [report 20 Jan 1994]
__________ __________
• Idál 6 Mulk 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Arba'ā' 4 Ṣafar  A.H. 1261
• Wednesday 12 February A.D. 1845
• Yom Reviʻi 5 Adar Beit A.M. 5605
The Báb leaves Medina for Jiddah. [MS2]
__________ __________
• Istijlál 2 Ayyám-i-Há 1 B.E.
• Yawm al-Khamīs 19 Ṣafar  A.H. 1261
• Thursday 27 February A.D. 1845
• Yom Chamishi 20 Adar Beit A.M. 5605
The Báb leaves Jiddah. [MS2]
  • He disembarks at Muscat and remains there for two months, awaiting news of the outcome of Mullá 'Alíy-i-Basṭámí's trial. [MS2]
  • He sends a letter to the Imám of Muscat. [MS2]
  • SBBH23 says the Báb left Jiddah on 4 March.
__________ __________
• Sulṭán 1 / Bahá 2 B.E.
• Muḥarram / Rabī' al-awwal
         A.H. 1261
• February / March A.D. 1845
• Shevat / Veadar A.M. 5605
The Báb returns to Bús̲h̲ihr. He sends Quddús to S̲h̲íráz with a letter addressed to His uncle Ḥájí Mírzá Siyyid 'Alí who embraces his Nephew's Cause, the first, after the Letters of the Living, to do so. The Báb also entrusts Quddús with a treatise for him entitled d̲h̲asá'il-i-Sab'ih ('the Seven Qualifications') and promises him his impending martyrdom. (He gave is life as one of the Seven Martyrs of Tehran, see 1850 19 or 20 Feb.) [B77-8; DB142-3; MS2]
  • B77 and GPB10 say the Báb arrived in Bús̲h̲ihr in February - March.
  • SSBH1p23 and BBRSM216 say 15 May, 1845.
  • Before leaving on pilgrimage the Báb had stated that He would return to Karbalá and asked His followers to congregate there. An explanation in part for the large following that have gathered there is the messianic expectation associated with the year 1261, a thousand years after the Twelfth Imám's disappearance in 260 A.H.. This gathering is perceived as a threat by the authorities. [BBRSM15, 45, 216; DB157-8; SBBH1p23, 32]
  • The Báb changes His plan to meet His followers in Karbalá and instructs them to go to Iṣfahán instead. A number abandon Him, regarding this as badá', 'alteration of divine will'. [BBRSM16; DB158; MH125; SBBH23]
  • Some speculate that He did not go to Karbalá to avoid conflict and sedition. Many Bábís had gone to Karbalá armed in preparation for holy war, 'jihád'. [BBRSM21-2; SBBH1:23]
[ABBC Online] [ABBC 16-21]
< Islamic Era events concerning the Bahá'í Faith A.H. 1260 | 2 B.E. >
Most of the Gregorian Calendar dates, A.H. 1166 (A.D. 1753) to present, are from the original book, A Basic Bahá'í Chronology. The Hebrew, Islamic and Bahá'í dates were calculated by the ABG staff and may be subject to error, despite the great care that was taken. When the Gregorian date is "In the year", "c. Mar 1797", etc., we list the nearest approximate Hebrew, Islamic and Bahá'í dates.
  • The dates in the left column do not always match the dates in the text. This is due to the plethora of calculations and calculators available. We use the calendar conversions from Calendar Home - Convert a date.
  • Continuous time periods, e.g., Monday thru Friday or June thru August, are annotated as Monday / Friday and June / August rather than Monday-Friday and June-August in all four calendars. This is to avoid confusion with Islamic days and months which contain a hyphen (or dash), e.g. Yawm ath-Thulatha', Jumadá al-akhirah.
  • Date Format = Day of the Week Name, Day of the Month Number, Month Name, Year Number -
  • c. = circa - meaning: "Around, round about, about. The prep. is often used in Eng. with dates, as circa 1400 (c 1400)." (Oxford English Dictionary)
  • Items with a greenish background are publications 
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