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'Abdu'l-Bahá
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Pronunciation: abdol-ba-haw
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Redirected from: A term listed in Appellations of Abdu'l-Bahá
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Eldest surviving son of Bahá'u'lláh and His designated successor. Named 'Abbás after his grandfather, 'Abdu'l-Bahá was known as 'Abbás Effendi outside the Bahá'í community. Bahá'u'lláh also gave Him the titles G̲h̲usn-i-A'ẓam (the Most Great Branch), Sirru'lláh (Mystery of God) and Áqá (the Master). He chose the name 'Abdu'l-Bahá (Servant of Bahá) for Himself after the passing of Bahá'u'lláh.
'Abdu'l-Bahá was born in Ṭihrán, Iran, on 23 May 1844. While still a child, He recognized His Father's station even before it had been openly revealed. He shared Bahá'u'lláh's banishment and exile and often served as His Father's deputy when dealing with officials and the public. Bahá'u'lláh described the station of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in the Súriy-i-G̲h̲usn (Tablet of the Branch). In the Kitáb-i-'Ahdi (Book of the Covenant), He [Bahá'u'lláh] named 'Abdu'l-Bahá as His successor and the authorized Interpreter of His Writings.
'[T]hough essentially human and holding a station radically and fundamentally different from that occupied by Bahá'u'lláh and His Forerunner,' Shoghi Effendi has explained, 'Abdu'l-Bahá was 'the perfect Exemplar of His Faith . . . endowed with superhuman knowledge, and to be regarded as the stainless mirror reflecting His light.'2 While not regarding 'Abdu'l-Bahá as a prophet, Bahá'ís show special respect to His unique station by capitalizing pronouns referring to Him.
In about 1873 'Abdu'l-Bahá married Munírih K̲h̲ánum. Of their nine children, four daughters lived to adulthood. His eldest daughter Diyá'íyyih was the mother of Shoghi Effendi.
In 1901 Sulṭán 'Abdu'l-Ḥamíd II again ordered 'Abdu'l-Bahá confined to 'Akká but in 1908 He was set free after the Young Turks' revolution. It was 'Abdu'l-Bahá who, at the instruction of Bahá'u'lláh, saw to the transfer of the Báb's remains to the Holy Land and their interment in a permanent shrine on Mount Carmel in 1909.
In 1911 He began His historic journeys to Europe and North America to proclaim His Father's message, returning to the Holy Land in 1913. Renowned outside the Bahá'í community for His humanitarian work, 'Abdu'l-Bahá was knighted in 1920 by the British government for his efforts for the relief of hunger in Palestine during World War I.
Among the achievements of the ministry of 'Abdu'l-Bahá were the spread of the Bahá'í Faith to the West and Australia; the building of the first Mas̲h̲riqu'l-Ad̲h̲kár in 'Is̲h̲qábád and the beginning of the Mother Temple of the West in Wilmette, Illinois, USA; and the establishment of the first institutions of the Bahá'i Administrative Order.
During His lifetime, 'Abdu'l-Bahá  wrote many books and Tablets, interpreting and elucidating the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh. Among His books published in English are The Secret of Divine Civilization, Memorials of the Faithful and A Traveler's Narrative. In addition, the texts of many of His talks and Tablets have been collected and published in volumes such as Tablets of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, Tablets of the Divine Plan, The Promulgation of Universal Peace, Some Answered Questions and Paris Talks.
In His Will and Testament, 'Abdu'l-Bahá named His grandson, Shoghi Effendi, to succeed Him as Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith. 'Abdu'l-Bahá died in Haifa on 28 November 1921, and is buried in a vault of the Shrine of the Báb.
[BD 2-4]
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The Servant of the Glory. The Center of Bahá'u'lláh's Covenant; Exemplar and Interpreter of the Bahá'í Faith. "The Most Great Branch," the "One Whom God hath purposed." (GBP 239). Bahá'u'lláh's "beloved Son.....His vicegerent on earth, the Executive of His authority, the Pivot of His Covenant, the Shepherd of His flock, the Exemplar of His faith, the Image of His perfections, the Mystery of His Revelation, the Interpreter of His mind, the Architect of His World Order, the Ensign of His Most Great Peace, the Focal Point of His unerring guidance.....occupant of an office without a peer or equal in the entire field of religious history....." (GBP 245).
[BG 4]
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The "Servant of Bahá", 'Abbás Effendi (1844-1921), the eldest son and appointed Successor of Bahá'u'lláh, and the Centre of His Covenant.
[KA-G 252]
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The appointed Successor of Bahá'u'lláh and Center of His Covenant. (1844-1921).
[GWB 347]
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`Abdu'l-Bahá at age 24, 1868
`Abdu'l-Bahá at age 24, 1868
 [ Photo Credits ] [Wikipedia TOP 
 
`Abdu'l-Bahá (right) with his brother Mírzá Mihdí, 1868
`Abdu'l-Bahá (right) with his brother Mírzá Mihdí, 1868
 [ Photo Credits ] [Wikipedia TOP 
 
Early Western Bahá'í pilgrims
Early Western Bahá'í pilgrims.
Standing left to right:
Charles Mason Remey, Sigurd Russell, Edward Getsinger and Laura Clifford Barney;
Seated left to right:
Ethel Jenner Rosenberg, Madam Jackson, Shoghi Effendi, Helen Ellis Cole, Lua Getsinger, Emogene Hoagg
1901
 [ Photo Credits ] [Wikipedia TOP 
 
`Abdu'l-Bahá, during his trip to the United States
`Abdu'l-Bahá, during his trip to the United States
 [ Photo Credits ] [Wikipedia TOP 
 
`Abdu'l-Bahá on Mount Carmel with pilgrims in 1919
`Abdu'l-Bahá on Mount Carmel with pilgrims in 1919
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The Knighting of Abdul Baha, Haifa, Palestine, April 27, 1920
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(View Full Size)
"The Knighting of `Abdu'l-Bahá".
Star of the West. 13 (11).
February 1923. p. 298.
Retrieved December 4, 2016.
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`Abdu'l-Bahá KBE
`Abdu'l-Bahá KBE
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The elderly `Abdu'l-Bahá
The elderly `Abdu'l-Bahá
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 [ Photo Credits ] [Wikipedia TOP 
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See also:
 
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